News, Events and Culture

1910s

Further works to the Turitea Dam; an electric tram; theatres; churches and swimming baths. World War I begins and ends.

Photo taken from the Lakelet quadrant in The Square, Palmerston North, looking across to the corner of Church Street west

1910

1-17 April
  • Manhunt for Joe Pawelka (known to police as John Joseph Pawelka)
  5-Apr
  • 3 major fires in one night, Pawelka was convicted of lighting 2 of them
  31-Aug
  • Opening of new fire station in Cuba Street (in use until 1926)

1911

 
  • Population 10,991 (excludes Māori)
   
  • Work begins to enlarge the Lower Turitea Dam to 15m
  6-Feb
  • His Majesty's Theatre (cinema) opens in George Street, later known as Ballroom Astoria. It is the first purpose built cinema in the City
  28-Aug
  • Dedication of rebuilt St Paul's Methodist Church on Broad Street (now Broadway Avenue)
  17-Nov
  • Coronation Hall opens in Main Street for the Terrace End community

1912

19-Jun
  • Electric Tramway system voted for by ratepayers

1913

 
  • West End School opens
  17-Feb
  • Enlarged Lower Turitea Dam is completed giving Palmerston North a 140,000 m3 water reserve, estimated as enough for a 2-3 month drought, a filter plant with 6 mechanical filters was opened later in the year
  20-Mar
  • Electric Tramway system voted against by ratepayers

1914

 
  • Biennial elections for the Council begin
  6-May
  • All Saints' Anglican Church dedicated, the largest brick structure in Palmerston North
  4-Aug
  • First World War declared
  August
  • Awapuni Racecourse becomes an army training camp

1915

 
  • Premier Drapery Company (PDC) formed
   
  • Palace, Everybody's & Kosy cinemas opened
   
  • Gasworks purchased by Borough Council
  15-Apr
  • Old Men's Hospital opens in Awapuni, later Awapuni Hospital, the first public institution for geriatric care in the City

1916

 
  • Population 12,829 (excludes Māori)
  14-Jun
  • Electric Tram system voted for by ratepayers, the controversy continues

1917

 
  • Council buys the Awapuni abattoir
  3-Aug
  • YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) formed in Palmerston North, assists in the war effort
  3-Oct
  • Street names changed by Borough Council to remove all German and foreign names
  1-Dec
  • Public Swimming Baths open in Ashley Street
  5-Dec
  • Anzac Club opens on corner of George and Cuba Streets, later known as Soldiers Club and then RSA

1918

 
  • James Alfred Nash elected as MP for Palmerston North
   
  • YWCA opens a hostel for women
  19-Mar
  • Smoke from Raetihi bush fires turns daylight into gloom, forces schools to close for the day
  11-Nov
  • World War One ends with Germany's surrender
  November
  • Influenza epidemic causes widespread illness and deaths and delays peace celebrations, also known as the '1918 Flu', an estimated one in five residents are infected
  Mid-November
  • All schools, picture theatres, dance halls, racetracks and billiard rooms are closed, bars must close by 4pm and public meetings not concerning the Flu epidemic are banned

1919

 
  • Bowling and croquet greens are completed on the corner of Fitzherbert Avenue and Park Road
   
  • Cuba Street Fire Station is expanded
  19-Jul
  • Peace celebrations to mark the end of the Great War
Disclaimer

Most dates are taken from tertiary sources and accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Researchers are strongly advised to check specific dates in other sources to confirm accuracy to their own satisfaction. All corrections or additional information and dates gratefully considered - please contact the Ian Matheson City Archives.